Published News

Water resources management in a homogenizing world: Averting the Growth and Underinvestment trajectory

Posted By Kaveh in Hydrology , Planning and Management , Miscellaneous

Biotic homogenization, a de facto symptom of a global biodiversity crisis, underscores the urgency of reforming water resources management to focus on the health and viability of ecosystems. Global population and economic growth, coupled with inadequate investment in maintenance of ecological systems, threaten to degrade environmental integrity and ecosystem services that support the global socioeconomic system, indicative of a system governed by the Growth and Underinvestment (G&U) archetype. Water resources management is linked to biotic homogenization and degradation of system integrity through alteration of water systems, ecosystem dynamics, and composition of the biota. Consistent with the G&U archetype, water resources planning primarily treats ecological considerations as exogenous constraints rather than integral, dynamic, and responsive parts of the system. It is essential that the ecological considerations be made objectives of water resources development plans to facilitate the analysis of feedbacks and potential trade-offs between socioeconomic gains and ecological losses. We call for expediting a shift to ecosystem-based management of water resources, which requires a better understanding of the dynamics and links between water resources management actions, ecological side-effects, and associated long-term ramifications for sustainability. To address existing knowledge gaps, models that include dynamics and estimated thresholds for regime shifts or ecosystem degradation need to be developed. Policy levers for implementation of ecosystem-based water resources management include shifting away from growth-oriented supply management, better demand management, increased public awareness, and institutional reform that promotes adaptive and transdisciplinary management approaches. https://www.academia.edu -

China's Grand Water Plan

Posted By misspersian in Planning and Management

The recent and ongoing development efforts reveal China’s unquenchable thirst. Its industry alone requires 139 cubic meters of water per year, and it wastes ten times the world average. Water Resources Group, an international think tank, predicts that by 2030, this demand will climb to over 300 billion cubic meters, exceeding availability by 200 billion cubic meters. Such a perspective explains China’s aggressive and systematic effort to secure all available water resources. http://www.forbes.com -

Challenges and Opportunities in Water Cycle Research: WCRP Contributions

Posted By Sina in Hydrology

The state of knowledge and outstanding challenges and opportunities in global water cycle observations, research and modeling are briefly reviewed to set the stage for the reasons behind the new thrusts promoted by the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) as Grand Challenges to be addressed on a 5- to 10-year time frame. Those focused on water are led by the GEWEX (Global Energy and Water Exchanges) project. A number of GEWEX science questions are being brought forward within GEWEX and the WCRP under guidance of the Joint Scientific Committee. Here, we describe what are some imperatives and opportunities for major advancements in observations, understanding, modeling and product development for water resources and climate that will enable a wide range of climate services and inform decisions on water resources management and practices. http://www.cgd.ucar.edu -

Political Dimensions of Iran’s Water Crisis

Posted By misspersian in Planning and Management

This is a political crisis, not only because Iran’s shrinking water resources have given rise to protests, but also because Iran’s nationalistic pursuit of development has itself been a primary driver of the water crisis.

Iran’s post-revolutionary economic development policies have been formed in international isolation, removed from the global market, knowledge pool, and technological advances. Iran’s revolutionary mantle of ‘Neither West nor East’ has led successive governments to frame economic policies in the context of independence from global political and economic ideologies. At the same time, Iran has been subject to a hostile international environment, culminating in the post-2006 economic sanctions targeting Iran’s oil and gas sector. Since 2007, Iran has sought to grow other sectors of the economy – notable mining, iron ore extraction and steel – both as a matter of economic urgency and as a security strategy, a means of lessening the strategic impact of the sanctions. http://www.cria.polis.cam.ac.uk -

‘Anonymous’ warning over Irish Water

Posted By macy in Miscellaneous

Short video posted to YouTube accuses Government over introduction of water charges.

A video purporting to be by online hacking collective Anonymous has accused the Government of stealing and using threats in order to force the introduction of water charges.

The 2-minute video titled ‘#Anonymous message to the Republic of Ireland - Truth behind Irish Water charges’ is addressed the “citizens of the Republic of Ireland” and was posted on YouTube http://www.irishtimes.com -

A guide to good practice in modeling semantics for authors and referees

Posted By Sina in Hydrology

This opinion piece makes some suggestions about guidelines for modeling semantics that can be referred to by authors and referees. We discuss descriptions of model structures, different forms of simulation and prediction, descriptions of different sources of uncertainty in modeling practice, the language of model validation, and concepts of predictability and fitness-for-purpose. While not expecting universal agreement on these suggestions, given the loose usage of words in the literature, we hope that the discussion of the issues involved will at least give pause for thought and encourage good practice in model development and applications. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com -

Blue Gold : World Water Wars (video)

Posted By Ryan13 in Planning and Management

Wars of the future will be fought over water as they are over oil today, as the source of human survival enters the global marketplace and political arena. Corporate giants, private investors, and corrupt governments vie for control of our dwindling supply, prompting protests, lawsuits, and revolutions from citizens fighting for the right to survive. Past civilizations have collapsed from poor water management. Can the human race survive? https://www.youtube.com -

10 Ways Clean Water Can Improve The World | Ohio University's Online Engineering

Posted By sarahssongs in Water Quality

Water is a valuable resource that is the key to sustaining life.  As water becomes more valuable and scarcity increases, conflict, death, and disease are also by-product of water and it’s influence.  In less fortunate countries, the battle for not just water, but clean water, is truly a matter of life and death.  As the world population continues to grow and access to clean water becomes increasingly difficult, we examined the power of clean water and why it’s important.   Clean water can: http://engineering.online.ohio.edu -