River basin rainfall series and extensive river flow records are used to characterise and
improve understanding of spatial and temporal variability in sub-Saharan African (SSA) water
resources during the last century. Nine major international river basins (comprising ~32% of
SSA’s area), chosen primarily for their long good quality flow records are examined. A range of
statistical descrip ... read more >>
A flood occurred in Italy and approximately 16 people have died. It is believed that this tragedy was avoidable. Local experts blame the government for building too much in areas exposed to floods and landslides. ... read more >>
Virtual water content: The virtual-water content of a product (a commodity, good or service) is the volume of freshwater used to produce the product, measured at the place where the product was actually produced (production-site definition). It refers to the sum of the water use in the various steps of the production chain. The virtual-water content of a product can also be defined as the volume ... read more >>
Which fossil fuel companies are most responsible for climate change? – interactive | Environment | theguardian.com
All but seven of the 90 companies found to have caused the climate crisis deal in oil, gas and coal – and half of the estimated emissions were produced just in the past 25 years. Some of the top companies are also funding climate change denial campaigns ... read more >>
Traditional land surface models (LSMs) used for numerical weather simulation, climate projection, and as inputs to water management decision support systems, do not treat the LSM lower boundary in a fully process-based fashion. LSMs have evolved from a leaky-bucket approximation to more sophisticated land surface water and energy budget models that typically have a specified bottom layer flux to ... read more >>
As I’ve posted here many times, there are some real hard limits approaching for the business as usual approach to energy production. Water is one of them – conventional sources of energy, like coal and nuclear electricity – depend on access to large volumes of water.
Much hyped new technologies of fracking for natural gas and shale oil also assume massive quantities of water are available – even ... read more >>
The Water Footprint of Biofuels: A Drink or Drive Issue? - Environmental Science & Technology (ACS Publications)
Developing a sustainable national biofuels program requires careful consideration of logistical concerns (e.g., suitable production and distribution infrastructure) and of unintended environmental impacts.Numerousrecent studies have considered the latter, with a primary focus on air quality (4-6), land use (7-9), and net energy value (10-15). These studies generally reflect beneficial environment ... read more >>
A team with members from Scotland, the U.K. and Australia has found that despite record melting in the summer of 2012, the Greenland ice sheet is not slipping faster into the sea. The team reports on how they set up poles in the ice and measured their movement throughout the year in their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Read more at: http://phys.org/news/201 ... read more >>
With more than 400 miles of coastline and a heavy reliance on a single reservoir for its drinking water, Rhode Island is highly vulnerable to the projected effects of climate change. Severe storms in 2010 and 2012 further exposed those vulnerabilities, damaging the state’s drinking water utility infrastructure and threatening the water supply because of pollution overflow. ... read more >>
1. Adequacy and equity of water distributed: Sufficient supply for basic needs for each and
every person throughout the camp, including in school and health units.
2. Acceptability and safety of water supplied: Potable and palatable in terms of appearance,
taste and odour. Water quality is monitored regularly for faecal contamination and water
safety plans are in place
3. Social costs (burde ... read more >>