The sustainable management of land and water related resources like agriculture, forestry, fisheries, wildlife and wetlands depend upon a multitude of factors that have to be integrated in a holistic way to perform four inter-dependent functions: production, protection, regulation and provisioning. National sectoral policies provide short and long-term guidelines towards sustainable management of these resources. Historically, forest policies in Pakistan have not emerged as a result of any concern, new vision, research or monitoring based feed-back from previous policies but mostly due to change in the political governments. Moreover, these policies with the exception of 1991 did not follow any consultative process. While focus of most forest policies during twentieth century remained on commercial harvesting to generate revenue, apathy to maintain vigor, ecosystem services and functions of the natural forests prevailed during all these years leading to threshold levels of forest degradation. As such forest policies announced by the Federal Government could not transform principles of SFM on ground and yielded no significant change in extending forest resource base.