Matt Damon and Gary White are co-founders of Water.org. The views expressed are their own. This is the fifth in a series of articles from the World Economic Forum on the key challenges facing the world in 2015 as part of their Outlook on the Global Agenda. http://globalpublicsquare.blogs.cnn.com
The report, written by the United Nations University, highlights large areas of farmland in arid and semi-arid parts of the world, such as the south west of the US and Australia, which are suffering from a combination of heavy irrigation and poor to non-existent drainage systems. As a result, a thick crust of salt is forming across much of the world, which is costing £17bn a year in lost crop production in regions including China, India and Pakistan. http://www.independent.co.uk
Lebanon is no longer the water tower of the Levant. The 2013-2014 winter season was one of the driest in over a century. Between September of last year and May 2014, Lebanon received about 400 millimeters of rainfall, less than half the seasonal average. Lebanon’s water crisis, however, is not merely the result of a dry winter. The lack of rainfall has exposed fundamental shortfalls in the country’s water management policies and infrastructure.
Effective exploitation of groundwater offers the most cost-effective solution to Lebanon’s water woes, as aquifers are natural free-of-charge reservoirs. Groundwater in Lebanon, however, is currently incredibly overexploited. This has resulted in a severe depletion of the water table, salt water intrusion in coastal areas, and higher concentrations of pollutants. According to official documents, there are now 50,000 private boreholes, averaging five sipping wells per square kilometer. This is up from an estimated 3,000 wells in the 1970s. By contrast, there are only 650 sanctioned public wells designed to supply most of the country’s domestic water usage. Historically the exponential increase in the number of wells is primarily the consequence of a desire to seek autonomy from a deficient public network. This is a process which was accelerated during the Civil War, when militias and other parties drilled wells in order to both create and consolidate local dependencies, using water as a socio-communitarian service.
To properly address the current crisis, Lebanon needs to deal head-on with what are essentially water management failures, failures which have been steadily accumulating for many years. To this end, the government must consider these strategies. http://www.dailystar.com.lb
After a grueling election campaign in which officials faced fierce criticism for downplaying the effects of a year-long drought, Brazil's most populous state is finally coming to terms with an uncomfortable reality: it is running out of water.
São Paulo state accounts for a third of Brazil's economy and 40 percent of its industrial production, and the water crisis is already crimping factory and farm output as well as the service sector in a stagnant economy.
"There is absolutely no doubt that this is having an impact on industrial production," said Nelson Pereira dos Reis of the São Paulo state industry association Fiesp, which hasn't yet quantified the economic impact. http://www.reuters.com
Short video posted to YouTube accuses Government over introduction of water charges.
A video purporting to be by online hacking collective Anonymous has accused the Government of stealing and using threats in order to force the introduction of water charges.
The 2-minute video titled ‘#Anonymous message to the Republic of Ireland - Truth behind Irish Water charges’ is addressed the “citizens of the Republic of Ireland” and was posted on YouTube http://www.irishtimes.com
This lighthearted animation tells the story of groundwater: where it is, where it comes from, and where it goes. https://www.youtube.com
Water is a precious gift of nature, essential for human survival. Water is required for basic human needs such as drinking, cooking and bathing, for irrigation to grow crops, for hydropower to produce energy, for industry and for the environment. Water is also an inherent component of an ecological chain on which all life-supporting systems depend. Especially for the Nepali society water from the http://chimalaya.org
AUTHORITIES HAVE stopped shipping through China's massive Three Gorges Dam on the upper reaches of the country's longest river, the Yangtze, because the dam was due to experience another flood peak yesterday.
Water levels at the world's largest hydroelectric project have been at high levels for weeks from record rains in its upper reaches, causing some of the worst flooding for decades.
A new species of bacteria found in the Gulf of Mexico degrades oil faster at deeper and colder depths than expected, scientists said Tuesday in a study that could explain how the BP oil spill has mostly disappeared.
The bacteria not only speeds up the bio-degradation of crude oil, but does it without depleting vital oxygen levels in the water, said the scientists who analyzed in May a plume of http://www.google.com